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Arboga Robotmuseum

RB 08A

Robothistoriska Föreningen i Arboga


Sidan uppdaterad: 2015-08-27 20:06







Missile History


V-1 bomb


Navy Experimental missiles


Air Force test missiles


Saab Experimental missiles


Air-to-surface missiles


Ship-to-ship missiles


Coastal missiles


Surface-to-air missiles


Anti-tank missiles


Target missiles


Submunition dispenser


Missile summary table



Missile RB 08A


After the project RB 315/316 had been cancelled the Navy was forced to promptly find an alternate missile. After surveying several alternatives the Navy decided to initiate a development of the French missile M 20, a project based on the existing target missile CT 20.


The Navy was of the opinion that the manufacture and liability for the system should be conveyed to a Swedish industry.


SAAB had earlier signed an agreement with the French supplier Nord Aviation.


It outlined their repair and support of the Swedish target missile CT 20. Therefore the Navy made a casual request to SAAB of their interest for cooperation. In early 1961 SAAB announced their commitment to manufacture the missile M 20. Towards the end of 1963 SAAB received the mandate from the Navy to compile a plan for the missile RB 08 A, which was the designation assigned to the project. SAAB became the main supplier to the Navy of the missile system



RB 08 A at the Missile Museum at Arboga


System description

The missile system 08 in which warhead missile 08 A is included, is a naval weapon system for invasion defence. The RBS 08 A entered operative service in 1966 on the destroyer HMS Småland and in 1967 on the destroyer HMS Halland, In 1968, the missile was included in the heavy costal missile battery. When the destroyers were decommissioned at the end of the 1970s, the Navy 08-missiles were transferred to the coastal artillery, where they were operative up to 1995.


The Sea-to-Sea System formed a part of the warship’s weapon armament and consisted of launchers, missiles, fire control and devices for automated charging, handling and maintenance.


The Coastal Missile System comprised of launchers, missiles, fire control and liaison- and combat control equipment and devices for handling, preparation and missile transport and some maintenance equipment.



The target was detected by radar and target data were transmitted to the missile fire control, where the line of fire, distance and missile data were calculated. The missile was fired from the launcher by two powder rockets, when the target was within the service range of the missile. The powder rockets were released after a  burning time of approx. 2 sec. Then the turbojet engine took over the propulsion.


The missile climbed to a preset altitude 2.000 feet (600 m) above the ground or water level, controlled by a barometric altimeter unit.


At a pre-set distance from the target the 3-dimensional radar started to scan the target area. When the target was spotted and all predetermined criteria were fulfilled, the missile homing device took control of the missile. In the final stage the missile dived towards the target. The powerful warhead was detonated by any of the redundant initiation systems.


Missile Data


18 feet 9 inches

(5,72 m)


4 feet 4 inches

(1,33 m)


9 feet 1 inch

(3,01 m)

Missile weight

1.985 lbs

(900 kg)

Booster rocket weight (Two)

695 lbs

(315 Kg) Turbomrca

Turbomeca Engine

880 lbf

(400 kp)


560 miles/h

(900 km/tim)


44 miles

( 70 km)



In the initial order for the basic work on the RB 08 during the first half year certain underlying work was included for a stage 2 missile design, later designated as RB 08 B. However, the project for the missile RB 08 B was terminated in 1968



Missile types:


RB 08A


RB 12


RB 15M