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Arboga Robotmuseum

RBS 55

Robothistoriska Föreningen i Arboga


Sidan uppdaterad: 2017-02-04 14:45







Missile History


V-1 bomb


Navy Experimental missiles


Air Force test missiles


Saab Experimental missiles


Air-to-surface missiles


Ship-to-ship missiles


Coastal missiles


Surface-to-air missiles


Air-to-air missiles


Anti-tank missiles


Target missiles


Submunition dispenser


Missile summary table



Missile RBS 55

The Missile system RB 55 is a heavy, anti-tank missile system with a long range. The missile is mounted on a vertically adjustable mount on the anti-tank vehicle 551 and on the missile all-terrain carrier 2063.


A deployment in the terrain is sometimes used as a reserve alternative for both missile carriers. The missile RBS 55 can also be airmobile on the helicopter HKP 9. The missile is wire controlled in combination with IR technique. The missile system is developed and manufactured in the USA and there it carries the designation TOW. The missile system RB 55 was purchased by the Swedish Army in 1981 and has since then been developed during several time spans.


RB 55C


RB 55 C


In the normal case the measured offset value from the daylight sight is used for the missile control, but during reduced visibility the offset value of the IR sight will be used. During the combatting the target is followed with the cross hairs in the optical sight or with the IR sight, aimed at the desired point on a target, usually on the geometric center of gravity. The missile in the gun barrel is fired by pressing the trigger, whereby the various missile functions are activated and the booster rocket is ignited. It is consumed before the missile leaves the gun barrel. Shortly after the missile has left the barrel the sustainer rocket is ignited and will accelerate the missile to a maximum speed of 950 – 1070 feet/sec .depending on missile type. The steering signals are transmitted via wires to the missile.


During the entire firing sequence the gunner keeps the cross hairs of the optical sight or the IR sight on the target and the missile will follow the aiming line until it reaches the target.


The missile warhead is ignited at a direct hit.


Missile types





RB 55 B

TOW 1  5”  RSV 3 Warhead with a probe 

Rb 55 C

TOW 1  6”  RSV 3 Warhead with a probe


Thermo radiation and a new sustainer rocket   


RB 55 D  TOW 2 A

As RB 55 C but with an extended probe

RB 55 E

TOW 2 B Two crown striking RSV 4 C warhead parts






Helicopter Hkp 9A can carry four missiles as shown above. The steering from an airborne helicopter has been made possible with the introduction of a stabilized helicopter sight that has been developed by SAAB Instruments (SI).



Copmputer system


12.300 feet (3.750 m)

Weather capacity

Night vision (only RBS 55 C)

IR sight

4 or 12 times magnification


Semi-automaticcollimation by wires


Pv Missile carrier 551

Pv Missile All terrain carrier 2063


A/c Carrier

Helicopter HKP 9 A


Missile data

Barrel length 48.4 inches

(1,23 meter)



41 lbs. – 50 lbs. dependent on missile type

(18,6 – 22,2 kg)

Launch velocity

215 feet/sec

(65 m/sek)

Maximum velocity

950 – 1070 feet/sec. dependent on missile type

(290 – 325 m/s)

Sustainer rocket



burning time 1.5 sec.

(1.5 sek)


Type of action Shaped charges






Missile types:


RB 51


RB 53


RBS 55


RBS 56